Terra Barcensis – Țara Bârsei – Barcaság

In this small and special space of Transylvania, in Țara Bârsei – Barcaság, where rivers Bârsa, Olt, Negru, Târlung, Carpathian Mountains, Curvature Carpathians, 5 passes, Bran pass (1290 m), Timiș (1050 m), Bratocea (1295 m) and Vama Buzăului (634 m) define the area populated by Hungarians, Transylvanian Saxons and Romanians and the ten traditional Csango villages are found in the valleys surrounded by high mountains, among which four: Baciu (Bácsfalu), Turcheș (Türkös), Cernatu (Cernátfalu), Satulung (Hosszúfalu) united and created Săcele locality (Négyfalu), other three Tărlungeni (Tatrang), Zizin (Zajzon), Purcăreni (Pürkerec) make up Tărlungeni commune (Tatrang), together forming the ethnographical area Șapte Sate (Seven Villages) and the other three Apața (Apáca), Crizbav (Krizba), Satu Nou (Barcaújfalu) are found at north of Brașov.

Besides the 10 Csango villages, other 13 Transylvanian Saxon villages enrich the region of Burzenland: Râşnov (Rozsnyó, Cumidava or Rosae or Villa Rosarum, Rosenau, Rusnâ, Barcarozsnyó), Sânpetru (Szentpéter, Mons Sancti Petri, Petersberg, Pittersbarch, Barcaszentpéter), Bod (Bott, Brenndorf, Botfalu), Codlea (Cidium, Zeiden, Zäöeden, Feketehalom), Feldioara (Földvár, Castrum Sanctae Mariae or Marienberga, Marienburg, Märrembirg, Barcaföldvár), Hălchiu (Villa Heltven, Heldsdorf or Hültzdorf, Hölzdorf, Höltövény), Cristian (Villa Cristiani or Nova Civitas or Neapolis, Neustadt, Noscht, Keresztényfalva), Prejmer (Tartilleu, Tartlau, Tuartlen, Prázsmár), Hărman (Hermány, Mons Mellis, Honigberg, Huntschprich or Hoenschbrich, Szászhermány), Măieruş (Magyarós, Villa Nucum, Nußbach, Nassbich, Szászmagyarós), Rotbav (Veresmart, Villa Rotbak, Rotbach, Roiderbrich, Szászveresmart), Vulcan or Vâlcândorf (Volkány, Villa Vulcani or Villa Wolkan, Wolkendorf, Wulkendref, Szászvolkány), Ghimbav (Wiedenbachum, Weidenbach, Wejdebich, Vidombák).
From historical point of view, the Transylvanian Saxon locality Șercaia (Sarcam, Schirkanyen, Schirkonjen, Sárkány), respectively the Hungarian localities from the county borders Budila (Bodola, Budille, Bodila or Bodeln) and Teliu (Keresztvár, Nyén, Nien, Kreuzburg or Thell, Krezbirg, Teliu or Tiei) are part of Burzenland.
The border localities of Burzenland – and also of Hungary – Predeal (Predeál, Schanzpass), Timişul de Sus (Felsőtömös, Obertömösch or Contumatz), Timişul de Jos (Alsótömös, Untertömösch or Unter Contumatz), Vama Buzăului (Bodzavám, Bosauer Zollamt), Bran (Törcsvár, Törcsfalva, Tydricus or Castrum Törts, Türzdorf, Tölzburg), Zărneşti (Zernyest, Zernest, Villa Czerne, Zernescht or Zernen, Särnescht), Vlădeni (Vledény, Wladen), Dumbrăviţa or Ținţari (Szunyogszék, Szunyogszeg, Czintzare, Schnakendorf) – namely the related villages, where a Romanian majority was found there in the Middle Ages.
Brașov city (Brassó, Corona, Kronstadt, Kruhnen) is, of course, the capital and crown of Burzenland.

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Guidance

We recommend local guides and instructors, familiar with the mountains and settlements of Barcaság-Țara Bârsei,  in order to make the visit as authentic as possible.

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